How to make compost

Save money by making your own compost by using garden and kitchen waste. Compost will increase the amount of nutrients in the soil and improves drainage.
How To

Making compost

Making compost is easy providing you follow five simple rules.

Choose the right compost materials

You make your own compost heap using a range of waste materials from the garden, for example, grass cuttings, bark and uncooked vegetable scraps.

Avoid chemicals

Try not to include any vegetation waste that has been treated with chemicals as this can contaminate the compost.

Speed up composting 

You can add a nitrogen fertilizer or manure to speed up the composting process.

Choose the right conditions

A good compost heap needs air, moisture, nutrients and warmth.

Allow the base to breathe

The base of the compost heap should not be compact. To allow air to penetrate the heap, use-twig like materials at the base.

How can I make leafmould compost?

Leaves can be used to make leafmould compost. Leafmould is a great material for mulching. Leaves are slower to breakdown than other garden waste, so best to keep them separate from other garden waste. You can collect and store them in a cage or bin keeping the layers firm and compact. Water the pile in dry conditions.

How should I maintain compost?

Turn the compost materials with a fork on a regular basis increase airflow into the heap and optimise the composting process. A compost heap should never be dry, so add water in dry weather. However, the heap should moist not wet through so it may be necessary to cover in heavy rain.